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Version changes

Polars adheres to the semantic versioning specification:

  • Breaking changes lead to a major version increase (1.0.0, 2.0.0, ...)
  • New features and performance improvements lead to a minor version increase (1.1.0, 1.2.0, ...)
  • Other changes lead to a patch version increase (1.0.1, 1.0.2, ...)

Policy for breaking changes

Polars takes backwards compatibility seriously, but we are not afraid to change things if it leads to a better product.


We don't always get it right on the first try. We learn as we go along and get feedback from our users. Sometimes, we're a little too eager to get out a new feature and didn't ponder all the possible implications.

If this happens, we correct our mistakes and introduce a breaking change. Most of the time, this is no big deal. Users get a deprecation warning, they do a quick search-and-replace in their code base, and that's that.

At times, we run into an issue requires more effort on our user's part to fix. A change in the query engine can seriously impact the assumptions in a data pipeline. We do not make such changes lightly, but we will make them if we believe it makes Polars better.

Freeing ourselves of past indiscretions is important to keep Polars moving forward. We know it takes time and energy for our users to keep up with new releases but, in the end, it benefits everyone for Polars to be the best product possible.

What qualifies as a breaking change

A breaking change occurs when an existing component of the public API is changed or removed.

A feature is part of the public API if it is documented in the API reference.

Examples of breaking changes:

  • A deprecated function or method is removed.
  • The default value of a parameter is changed.
  • The outcome of a query has changed due to changes to the query engine.

Examples of changes that are not considered breaking:

  • An undocumented function is removed.
  • The module path of a public class is changed.
  • An optional parameter is added to an existing method.

Bug fixes are not considered a breaking change, even though it may impact some users' workflows.

Unstable functionality

Some parts of the public API are marked as unstable. You can recognize this functionality from the warning in the API reference, or from the warning issued when the configuration option warn_unstable is active. There are a number of reasons functionality may be marked as unstable:

  • We are unsure about the exact API. The name, function signature, or implementation are likely to change in the future.
  • The functionality is not tested extensively yet. Bugs may pop up when used in real-world scenarios.
  • The functionality does not yet integrate well with the full Polars API. You may find it works in one context but not in another.

Releasing functionality as unstable allows us to gather important feedback from users that use Polars in real-world scenarios. This helps us fine-tune things before giving it our final stamp of approval. Users that are only interested in solid, well-tested functionality can avoid this part of the API.

Functionality marked as unstable may change at any point without it being considered a breaking change.

Deprecation warnings

If we decide to introduce a breaking change, the existing behavior is deprecated if possible. For example, if we choose to rename a function, the new function is added alongside the old function, and using the old function will result in a deprecation warning.

Not all changes can be deprecated nicely. A change to the query engine may have effects across a large part of the API. Such changes will not be warned for, but will be included in the changelog and the migration guide.


Breaking changes to the Rust API are not deprecated first, but will be listed in the changelog. Supporting deprecated functionality would slow down development too much at this point in time.

Deprecation period

As a rule, deprecated functionality is removed two breaking releases after the deprecation happens. For example, a function deprecated in version 1.2.3 will be retained in version 2.0.0 and removed in version 3.0.0.

An exception to this rule are deprecations introduced with a breaking release. These will be enforced on the next breaking release. For example, a function deprecated in version 2.0.0 will be removed in version 3.0.0.

This means that if your program does not raise any deprecation warnings, it should be mostly safe to upgrade to the next major version. As breaking releases happen about once every six months, this allows six to twelve months to adjust to any pending breaking changes.

In some cases, we may decide to adjust the deprecation period. If retaining the deprecated functionality blocks other improvements to Polars, we may shorten the deprecation period to a single breaking release. This will be mentioned in the warning message. If the deprecation affects many users, we may extend the deprecation period.

Release frequency

Polars does not have a set release schedule. We issue a new release whenever we feel like we have something new and valuable to offer to our users. In practice, a new minor version is released about once every one or two weeks.

Breaking releases

Over time, issues pop up that require a breaking change to address. When enough issues have accumulated, we issue a breaking release.

So far, breaking releases have happened about once every three to six months. The rate and severity of breaking changes will continue to diminish as Polars grows more solid. From this point on, we expect new major versions to be released about once every six months.